MELASMA / PIGMENTATION
The colour of our skin is determined by the pigment melanin. If too much melanin is stored in the skin, pigmentation marks or melasma develop (also called chloasma or mask of pregnancy). These are irregular, dark coloured patches on the skin surface – mainly affecting cheeks, forehead, nose and upper lip. Melasma may occur both due to external influences as well as illness – or hormone-related conditions, or develop during pregnancy.